Causes of migraine headaches

The problem migraine hadaches cause is bigger than most people think. Everyday there are millions of people who suffer from migraine in one way or another. The result are millions of dollars lost to pay expenses such as medical drugs to ease the pain. Every year migraine is causing millions of people to stay home from work which is devastating for small buissness companies all around the world.
But the migraine is not just causing effect to the company and to the person who suffers. Friends and families are also drawn to the problems that migraine causes in form of stress and anxiety. It’s hard for someone who doesn’t have the problem to really know what it does to ones life. It aggravates every day tasks like going up early in the morning, go to work, try to have a normal 9 to 5 job, excersising and be with friends and family; it becomes a living hell. Try to think about how it would affect YOUR life if you were doing everything you do daily with a severe, pulsating pain in your head. It’s hard to imagine, right?

Most migraine headaches are caused by outer factors. It could be triggered from things you eat, things you don’t eat (lack of food) and plain bad food (junk food). Another common factor is stress, and I guess you have all heard it could cause headaches. And it is higly likely that stress will cause a headache to you sometime in your life, but it doesn’t have to be a severe migraine, so don’t worry. Stress itself can get triggered from a lot of different things:

  • Excitement (adrenaline rush)
  • Bad posture (tense muscles)
  • Bad/lack of sleep (may be a result of bad daily routines)
  • Environment (bright light, loud noises, strong smells, cleaning chemicals)

But migraine might as well come from inner factors such as diseases and illness (bacteria and virus). Here are a few example of dieseases in which migraines may occur more often:

  • Abnormal cholesterol levels
  • Tourette’s syndrome
  • Stroke
  • Depression and anxiety

Migraine headache, normal headache, what is the difference?

What is a migraine headache?
The term migraine means a neurological syndrome which is commonly characterized by headaches and a feeling of nausea also known as sea-sickness. When you first get migraine the pain is more severe compared to a normal headache (everyday headache) which  doesn’t feel as overwhelming. By severe I mean in terms of feeling a pulsation in your head, sensitive to light and everyday sounds like traffic and listening to the radio and not to loud noises.

Normally the pain is in one side of the head and you can sometimes feel the pain moving from one side to the other. The pain often comes like a burst and can last anywhere from 30 minutes to four days! Most people suffering from migraine headaches often prefer a dark and silent room to rest in (hence the sensitivity to light and sound).

Currently we don’t know what causes migraine headache but there are several theories that might have something to do with migraine headache occuring. One theory is that migraine headache is a result of disorder in the serotonergic control system (the system which handles the transmission of serotonin in your body). This often cause a bloodflow increase up to three times more than normal. This is probably something you have felt if you have experienced a migraine headache. Most people who gets headaches everyday often has a increased bloodflow and some of them can feel their bloodvessels enlarge upon a migraine, along with the pulsuating pain which many migraineurs experience. Sometimes a light massage in these areas can help and aleviate the pain. The most common place to have this pulsuating pain is around your temple.

Statistics show that headaches affect more females (up to three time more often) than males in the US, and about the same rate during puberty. Severe Migraine headaches is most common from age 12 to age 40 and declines thereafter. In US white women tend to have the highest frequence of migraine. In the last 20 years the frequency of migraine headaches have increased. Some people believe that migraine headache can be hereditary. In a study of people who suffered from severe migraine 70% of those had a relative (it could be their mother, father or brother and sister) who also had some sort of migraine problem.

Different types of migraine
There are different types of migraine. Two of the most common migraines are: migraine with aura (classic migraine) and migraine without aura (normal migraine). When you have symptoms of migraine with aura (classic migraine) you normally experience things that sooner turns into a more severe type of migraine. Symptoms like seeing lightnings and silverthreads in your perifery and a more narrow perifery. You could also have trouble hearing. These symptoms accour about 20 to 40 minutes before the real migraine start.
Migraine without aura is also called normal migraine and it’s practically a normal migraine except the symptoms of aura. People who have a headache every day have a “normal headache”